Paracetamol szkodzi malym dzieciom? Dodaj do ulubionych

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    Baby paracetamol asthma concern

    Paracetamol is an effective treatment for high fever
    Use of paracetamol in babies increases the risk of developing asthma
    five years later, a study of more than 200,000 children suggests.

    Those given the painkiller for fever in the first year of life had a
    46% increased risk of asthma by the age of six or seven, The Lancet

    Researchers do not know if the drug directly increases asthma risk
    or another underlying factor is to blame.

    Experts said parents should only use the drug if their child has a

    Increasing use of paracetamol in children has coincided with rising
    cases of asthma over the past 50 years, the researchers said.

    This underlines the importance of a current recommendation that
    paracetamol should not be used regularly in young children and
    should be reserved for times when they have a fever of 39°C or more
    and are in obvious discomfort or pain

    Professor Jeffrey Aronson

    The latest study, carried out in 31 countries, is the largest to
    date looking at paracetamol use and childhood asthma.

    Parents of children aged six and seven were asked questionnaires
    about symptoms of asthma, eczema and related allergic conditions in
    addition to details on paracetamol use for fever in the child's
    first year of life and the past 12 months.

    The results also showed that higher doses and more regular use of
    the drug are associated with a greater risk of developing asthma.

    Analysis of current use in 103,000 children showed those who had
    used paracetamol more than once a month in the past year had a three-
    fold increased risk of asthma.

    Use of paracetamol was also associated with more severe asthma

    And risk of eczema and hayfever was also increased.

    Cause and effect

    One explanation for the findings is that paracetamol may cause
    changes in the body that leave a child more vulnerable to
    inflammation and allergies.

    Another is that the use of paracetamol in children may be a marker
    for something else which is causing increased rates of asthma, such
    as lifestyle issues or the underlying infection causing the fever,
    experts said.

    Study leader Professor Richard Beasley from the University of
    Auckland said: "We stress the findings do not constitute a reason to
    stop using paracetamol in childhood.

    "However the findings do lend support to the current guidelines of
    the World Health Organization, which recommend that paracetamol
    should be reserved for children with a high fever (38.5C or above)."

    Professor Jeffrey Aronson, president of the British Pharmacological
    Society, said the dose relationship with paracetamol and asthma
    suggested there was a real association between the two.

    "This confirms previous findings and underlines the importance of a
    current recommendation that paracetamol should not be used regularly
    in young children and should be reserved for times when they have a
    fever and are in obvious discomfort or pain."

    Leanne Male, Asthma UK's assistant director of research,
    said: "Despite a great deal of research being carried out, we still
    don't know how important different lifestyle and genetic factors are
    in affecting the development of asthma.

    "If we can establish the mechanisms behind how paracetamol might
    affect it, this could go some way towards helping to prevent the
    condition in the first place.

    "At this stage however, the use of paracetamol should not be a
    concern for parents or carers who are worried about the development
    of asthma in their children."


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